
Section 1: Matter Exists in Space and Time About Newton's Mechanics and Calculus ~ 1687 Section Advance: 2 3 4 5 
1.00 Matter Exists in Space and Time  Excerpt  1 
Physics is learned from educators, books which describe physical reality and simple experiments. A scientific language is developed. Matter, space and time are beginning ideas.  
1.01 A Basic Methodology  2  
♦ Prove: (A  B)² = A²  2AB + B²  Excerpt  3 
Physics uses algebra and algebra uses geometry. As a "refresher" exercise 

♦ Theorem of Pythagoras  4  
♦ Eratosthanes' Experiment  5  
♦ Drilling Rig Visibility  6  
♦ Prove: ( 1 ) x ( 1 ) = 1  7  
1.02 Position: the First Vector  8  
♦ Pharaoh's Engineers  Excerpt  9 
The Great Pyramid of Egypt was constructed to precise proportions. A hypothesis is that the pyramid was constructed to fit inside an imaginary hemisphere with each of its corners and its peak touching the hemisphere. Suppose the hypothesis were true. Calculate the resulting angle each face would make with the horizontal plane of the desert.


♦ Vectors Contain Trigonometry  10  
♦ Crank, Rod and Piston  Excerpt  11 
The connected mechanical parts whereby explosive combustion becomes power of a rotating shaft are called "power trains." The simplest arrangement, crankrodpiston, shown. Engine designers must know precisely the position and speed of the piston face for every position of the crank. The math tool, vectors, makes such tasks logically systematic.  
♦ LadderBoom Rescue  12  
♦ Dog and Pony Show  13  
1.03 Basic Terms and Tools  14  
1.04 Models of Reality  15  
1.05 Velocity: Our First Derivative  16  
1.06 Mass Equation: BODY  17  
1.07 Momentum: BODY  18  
1.08 Derivative of Momentum: BODY  19  
1.09 About: f = ma  20  
1.10 Uniform Motion  21  
1.11 Constant Momentum Motion  22  
♦ Valentino's Wake  23  
♦ Dog Greets Owners  Excerpt  24 
When detail is unavailable, approximation is required. 

♦ Least Distance 1  25  
♦ Least Distance 2  26  
♦ Yacht and Sea Buoy  27  
♦ Scissor Jack  28  
♦ Train Passes Two Boys  Excerpt  29 
Two boys, walking beside railroad tracks heard a train approaching from behind. The older boy knew the city train speeds limit was 30 mph. He and his buddy walked about 3 feet per second. When the nose of the engine was abreast of them, the smaller boy began to count. The count, the instant the caboose passed, was, "... 34 seconds." A moment later, the older boy said, "... only about 1400 feet long." 

♦ Civil War Memorial  30  
1.12 Steps to Integrate  31  
1.13 Measurement of μM_{Earth}  32  
1.14 Weight and Weighing  33  
♦ Hand Supports a Mass  34  
♦ Lunar "CarryOff" Luggage  35  
♦ Ten Pounds of Potatoes  36  
1.15 Vectors: BODY  37  
1.16 Notations: Position and Velocity  38  
1.17 Value, Slope and Curvature  39  
1.18 Differentiation: TimeDependent Integral  40  
♦ Blue Ocean Towing  Excerpt  41 
In the Davis Strait, a massive ice slab has cleaved from the iceshelf and is drifting
toward an oil rig. Our largest tug, (pulling constantly at 90° to the current),
will drag the slab offcourse so it passes abreast of the oil rig, at a distance no
closer than 4000 meters. Calculate the towing force required of the tug to
accomplish the task.
 
1.19 Gravity at Altitudes  42  
♦ Projectile Arcs  43  
1.20 Events in Time  44  
♦ Galileo's Inclined Plane  45  
♦ Acceleration Initial Condition  46  
1.21 Omitted Forces  47  
♦ Parachutists Drag Force  48  
♦ God Lifted Earth I  49  
♦ God Lifted Earth II  50  
♦ Point Blank  51  
♦ Shot Tower  52  
1.22 Momentum Equation: BODY  53  
1.23 Mom Eqn Component Form: BODY  54  
♦ Geostationary Orbits  55  
1.24 Vector Basis: Circular Motion  56  
♦ Polar versus Equatorial Weight  57  
♦ LiftOff Acceleration  58  
1.25 Method, System and Numbers  59  
1.26 Newton's Analytic Method  60  
♦ Sled Mass  61  
♦ Kinematics of Bar AB  62  
♦ Quick Return Mechanism  63 
Section 2: Ideal Fluids About Fluids, Pressure and Hydrostatics Section Advance: 1 3 4 5 
Section 3: Energy, Work, and Heat Extension of Newton's Ideas: Energy, Work and Heat Section Advance: 1 2 4 5 
Section 4: Thermodynamic Properties Matter is Made Quantitative by its Properties Section Advance: 1 2 3 5 
4.00 Thermodynamic Properties  191 
4.01 Phases at 1 Atmosphere  192 
4.02 Normal Properties of Water  184 
4.03 Energy Equation: Constant Pressure  185 
♦ Chef Thickens the Soup  186 
♦ When will the Teapot Whistle?  187 
♦ Water at One Atmosphere  188 
♦ Citrus Concentrate  189 
♦ Microwave Coffee  190 
♦ Grease Fire Experiment  191 
4.04 Steam Tables  192 
♦ Yardley's Extractor  193 
♦ Stone Boiling  194 
♦ Atmospheric Engine  195 
♦ Pressure Cooker  196 
♦ Emergency Power MS  197 
♦ Neon Signage  198 
♦ Leaded Pipe Joint  199 
♦ Specific Heat Calculation  200 
♦ Space Shuttle Reentry  201 
♦ Copper Block Slides on Ice  202 
♦ Sausage Preparation  203 
♦ Ice versus Dry Ice Comparison  204 
♦ 1861  Rifle Musket  205 
♦ Laser Retina Surgery  206 
Section 5: Thermodynamic Analysis Analysis Explains or Predicts Simple Events Section Advance: 1 2 3 4 
5.00 Thermodynamic Analysis  207 
5.01 Mass Equation  208 
♦ Trans Alaska Pipeline  209 
5.02 System Perspective  210 
♦ Dig Suez  211 
♦ Linear Valve  212 
5.03 Leibnitz's Calculus  213 
5.04 Linear Mass Equation  214 
♦ Pipe Pig  215 
♦ Boost Pump  216 
♦ FreezeDried Rattlesnakes  217 
♦ Civil Rights Memorial  218 
♦ Flow Through an Expansion  219 
♦ Depth of Wine  220 
♦ Extruded Rod  221 
5.05 Momentum Equation  222 
♦ Reaction of a Jet  223 
♦ JetSki  Static Pull  224 
♦ Time to Refill the Pool  225 
♦ PitotStatic Gage  226 
♦ Where Water Jets Collide  227 
♦ P51 Mustang  228 
5.06 Energy Equation  229 
♦ Water Seeks its Level  230 
♦ Gear Pump  231 
♦ Aquarium Turbines  232 
♦ Not a "COOL IDEA"  233 
♦ Shipping Maeku  234 
♦ Instant Hot Water  235 
♦ Pipe Line Flow  236 
♦ Torricelli's Theorem  237 
♦ ScrapedSurface Heat Exchanger  238 
♦ Cardiac Horsepower  239 
♦ Heat Powered Elevator  239 
♦ Niagara Falls Power  240 
♦ Tomato Juice  241 
♦ ZULIA  Side Casting Dredge  242 
♦ Water Pumped Vertically  243 
♦ Light Bulb Efficiency  244 